What are the causes of abdominal pain?

Causes of abdominal pain

Abdomen is an area between the chest and pelvis. This region is also known as the abdominal cavity. Abdominal pain is felt around the stomach, small intestine, large intestine, liver, gall bladder, spleen and pancreas. There are some specific causes of abdominal pain such as UTIs, food allergies, gastritis, viral infections, indigestion, etc.

What are abdominal pains?

Any discomfort that a person feels anywhere between the lower parts of the chest to the distal groin or pelvis is said to be abdominal pain. Pain in the diaphragm, pelvis (and genitals) and in the retroperitoneal space can also be associated with abdominal pain. Abdominal pain occurs suddenly and may require immediate medical attention.

In most cases, the abdominal pain is bearable. The pain can occur due to indigestion or muscle tension, but it can also be a sign of a serious illness.

  • Causes of abdominal pain
  • Common causes that could initiate abdominal pain:
  • Viral gastroenteritis

Viral gastroenteritis is also known as gastric flu. Stomach flu causes inflammation of the stomach and intestines. It can be caused by many different viruses, such as rotavirus, adenovirus, norovirus, etc.

PMS (premenstrual syndrome)

Premenstrual syndrome leads to various emotional and physical symptoms. Menstrual pain causes discomfort and inflammation or swelling in the abdomen. PMS causes bloating, cramps, constipation, etc. Women with endometriosis also experience severe or chronic inflammation and abdominal pain.

Food poisoning or indigestion

Dyspepsia or indigestion cause problems in the digestive system. Food poisoning can be a cause of indigestion. Vomiting, gas, gas, etc. during indigestion also leads to abdominal pain.

In food poisoning, harmful organisms can produce toxins that cause irritation in the stomach and intestinal mucosa. This can also cause pain. But the actual symptoms of food poisoning can vary.  In most cases, food poisoning pain is associated with nausea or vomiting and diarrhea. Spasms and pains or discomfort in the stomach and intestines, diarrhea and vomiting can start as early as 1 hour after eating and only 10 days after eating with bacteria.

Stomach or stomach ulcers

Ulcers are sores that cause persistent stomach pain. Bacteria H. pylori is the most common cause of ulcers. In some cases, overuse or continued use of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDS) also leads to stomach ulcers.

Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS)

Women can feel symptoms of IBS during menstruation, which can lead to cramps. The cause of irritable bowel syndrome is not fully understood. A diagnosis is often made based on the symptoms. It is a common, long-term digestive system disorder that can cause bouts of stomach cramps, bloating, diarrhea.

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